Federal Aviation Rules

Order of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation (Mintrans Russia) of 28 June 2007 No. 82 in Moscow “On Approval of Federal Aviation Rules ‘General Rules of Air Carriage of Passengers, Baggage, Freight and Requirements to Servicing Passengers, Shippers, Consignees’”

Published on 10 October 2007
Rossijskaya Gazeta, Federal issue 4488 of 10 October 2007
Registered with the Russian Ministry of Justice on 27 September 2007 Registration No. 10186

In accordance with Article 102 of Federal Law of 19 March 1997 No. 60-FZ “Air Code of the Russian Federation” (Collection of Legislation of the Russian Federation, 1997, No. 12, Art. 1383; 1999, No. 28, Art. 3483; 2004, No. 35, Art. 3607, No. 45, Art. 4377; 2005, No. 13, Art. 1078, 2006, No. 30, 3290, Art. 3291; 2007, No. 1, Art. 29) and Subitem 5.2.1 of Statute on the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 30 July 2004 No. 385 (Collection of Legislation of the Russian Federation, 2004, No. 32, Art. 3342; No. 52, Art. 5987, No. 24, Art. 2601, No. 15, Art. 1612), I hereby order that:

1. The appended Federal Aviation Rules “General Rules of Air Carriage of Passengers, Baggage, Freight and Requirements to Servicing Passengers, Shippers, Consignees” be approved.

2. Order of the Ministry of Civil Aviation of 16 January 1985 No. 19 “On Approval and Introduction into Effect of the Rules of Carriage of Passengers, Baggage and Freight on Airways of the Union of SSR” and Order of the Minister of Civil Aviation of 13 January 1986 No. 1/19 “On Approval and Introduction into Effect of the Rules of International Air Carriage of Passengers, Baggage and Freight” not be applied in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Minister I. Levitin
“General Rules of Air Carriage of Passengers, Baggage, Freight and Requirements to Servicing Passengers, Shippers, Consignees”

1. General Provisions

1. Federal Aviation Regulations “General Rules of Air Carriage of Passengers, Baggage, Freight and Requirements to Servicing Passengers, Shippers, Consignees” (hereinafter “the Rules”) have been elaborated in accordance with the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air (Warsaw, 12 October 1929) and articles 102 and 106 of Federal Law of 19 March 1997 No. 60 FZ “Air Code of the Russian Federation” (hereinafter “the Air Code of the Russian Federation”).

The Rules determine the conditions of air carriage of passengers, passengers’ belongings, including belongings being with the passenger and hand baggage carried on board aircraft under the passenger air carriage contract (hereinafter “baggage”), property accepted for carriage under a freight waybill (hereinafter “freight”), the rights and duties of the carrier, other persons participating in the organization and ensuring of air carriage, as well as of passengers, shippers and consignees.

To be accepted as hand baggage, objects shall have the weight and overall dimensions that correspond to those determined by the carrier and can be safely placed in the aircraft cabin.

The passenger is obliged to take care of the safety and integrity of the hand baggage and objects specified in Item 135 hereof carried in the aircraft cabin. When disembarking, the passenger shall take with him/her the hand baggage and objects specified in Item 135 hereof accommodated on board the aircraft.

The passenger has the right to carry following objects in excess of the established free baggage allowance and without pay if they stay with the passenger and are not enclosed in the baggage:

  • ladies purse or briefcase;

  • paper-folder; umbrella; walking stick;

  • bunch of flowers;

  • overclothes;

  • printed publications for reading in flight;

  • infant food for an infant during the flight;

  • mobile phone; photographic camera; video camera;

  • small-size computer;

  • suit or costume in a holdall;

  • bassinet, if an infant is taken on board;

  • crutches, stretcher or wheelchair, if the passenger reduced mobility;

  • and video equipment, home office appliances, musical instruments, electronic optical devices, etc.).

The objects specified in this Item are not subject to weighing, checking in and tagging.

141. With the carrier’s consent, a passenger’s baggage requiring special precautions during carriage or special conditions of its handling (fragile objects, cinematographic and photographic equipment, television and video equipment, home office appliances, musical instruments, electronic optical devices, etc.) may be carried in the aircraft cabin.

Preflight and Postflight Checks Procedure

General Provisions

1.4. Preflight checking of passengers and baggage, including objects being with the passengers, aircraft crew members, aviation personnel of civil aviation, in-flight supplies of the aircraft, freight and mail is performed to ensure aviation security, to protect the life and health of passengers, aircraft crew members and aviation personnel of civil aviation, to prevent eventual attempts at capture (hijacking) of aircraft and other acts of unlawful interference in the activity of civil aviation by criminal elements, as well as at unlawful carrying of weapons, ammunition, explosive, intoxicant, easily-flammable and other dangerous substances and objects prohibited from carriage by air transport under the conditions of aviation security.

Postflight checking is performed to prevent and suppress unlawful importation and dissemination of weapons, ammunition, narcotics, explosive devices, explosive, intoxicant and other substances and objects of increased danger and criminal nature, in the first place from regions with a complicated crime situation and with use of automated search information systems of the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation for search for persons fleeing from agencies of inquiry, investigation and court, evading criminal punishment, as well as persons that have lost connection with relatives and are missing, wanted in accordance with Law of the Russian Federation of 18 April 1991 No. 1026-1 “On Militsiya”.

1.5. The main objective of preflight checking is timely identification, prevention and suppression of attempts at penetrating on board aircraft by persons with weapons, ammunition, explosive substances, easily-flammable, intoxicant, radioactive and other dangerous objects and substances which may be used to endamage the health of passengers, aircraft crew members, to create a threat to aircraft flight safety/security or may cause of another emergency/accident, as well as preclusion of unlawful carrying of dangerous objects and substances prohibited from carriage by air transport under the conditions of aviation security and other objects and substances prohibited from or limited for free circulation in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Organization of Preflight and Postflight Checks

Carriage of baggage of passengers that have not appeared for boarding is strictly prohibited.

In case of information received about a threat of an act of unlawful interference in a departing aircraft, a repeated preflight check of passengers and baggage, including objects being with passengers, aircraft crew members, in-flight supplies of the aircraft, freight and mail shall be carried out.

If the passenger refuses to undergo the preflight check, the passenger air carriage contract shall be deemed terminated according to Item 3, Article 85 of the Air Code.

Organizational-Technical Measures for Checks

Only passengers of forthcoming flights having a duly issued ticket and a document certifying the passenger’s identity shall be admitted to the control areas and checkpoints.

Presence of persons not involved in passenger handling and organization of passenger carriage in the control areas and at the checkpoints is strictly prohibited.

Preflight Checking Procedure

6.3. Body (personal) search of passengers is carried out in body search booths.

6.5. Body (personal) search of passengers is carried out only by persons of the same sex as the passenger being searched in the presence of two witnesses, with participation of LOVD (transit police) staff and drawing up of a report.

6.9. During preflight checking with use of technical and special devices, it is necessary:

to check radio and television equipment, photographic and cinematographic equipment, audio and video equipment, mobile telephones, personal computers, toys (hollow and soft);

to switch on and check the working capacity of electronic and electrical devices (if suspicion arises); to inspect housings/cases, open up and check power units, cassette compartments, as well as film cameras (the switching-on of devices, the opening-up of power unit and cassette compartment covers to be done by the passenger); to perform an additional visual check of containers with liquids and thermos containers.

If the size of a musical instrument does not admit of checking with technical and special devices, its case or housing shall be opened up / taken off, it shall be shaken, and its openings and cavities viewed with a special swivel mirror.

6.11. Personnel of the Federal Protection Service of the Russian Federation when they are in the execution of service duty (have a service foreign passport, a service ID card and a duty trip ticket in the established form) and escort objects of state protection, and the objects of state protection accompanied by them, and their belongings, shall not be checked.

Passengers having implanted cardiac pacemakers undergo manual body search without use of technical and special devices.

If during a preflight check, dangerous objects and substances that may be used as an instrument of attack, but are not prohibited from carriage on board aircraft, are identified, they shall be packed by the passenger and carried as hold baggage.

If during a check of passengers and aircraft crew members, any dangerous objects and substances that are freely marketed, but prohibited from carriage on board aircraft, such objects/substances shall be withdrawn, with a report on identification and withdrawal from a passenger or aircraft crew member during a check of dangerous goods, objects or substances prohibited from carriage drawn up, the objects/substances registered in the record journal of reports on identification and withdrawal from passengers and aircraft crew members of dangerous goods, objects or substances prohibited from carriage, and transferred for keeping to specially equipped premises of the Aviation Security Service.

If weapons, ammunition, dangerous objects or substances prohibited from carriage on board aircraft are withdrawn from a passenger or aircraft crew member who has not declared them during the check, a decision shall be taken on bringing him/her to responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Procedure for Reception of Weapons, Ammunition and Special Devices Withdrawn from Passengers for the Duration of the Flight

11.1. Reception of weapons, ammunition and special devices follows the requirements of Joint Order of the Russian Federal Air Transport Service and the Russian Interior Ministry of 21 November 1999 No. 120 971 “Instruction on the Procedure of Carriage by Civil Aviation Aircraft of Weapons, Ammunition and Cartridges Thereto, Special Devices Transferred by Passengers for Temporary Keeping for the Duration of the Flight”.

Reception of weapons for carriage, issue of appropriate documents, delivery on board aircraft to Koltsovo Airport and giving-over of the weapons at Koltsovo Airport is performed by aviation security personnel.

Control over compliance with the procedure of carriage of weapons by aircraft is exercised by the Koltsovo Airport LOVD transit police, the Koltsovo Airport Aviation Security Service, the Koltsovo Customs in accordance with the Russian Federation legislation.

 

 

Federal Aviation Rules “Aviation Security Requirements to Airports”

Approved by Order of Mintrans Russia of 28 November 2006 No. 142

III. Organization and Ensuring of Access and Intrafacility Regime in the Airport

10. The access and intrafacility regime in the airport is organized in accordance with the instruction on access and intrafacility regime approved by the airport authority with the agreement of the territorial body of the Federal Transport Supervision Service and the unit of extradepartmental guards of interior bodies of the Russian Federation guarding airports and their infrastructure facilities (hereinafter “units guarding airports and their infrastructure facilities”).

The instruction shall, among other things, provide for access and stay restrictions for vehicles on the apron, taxiways, runways of the airport. The territories of joint deployment or utilization airdromes are to be fenced, accesses to be under control of the Aviation Security Service and units guarding airports and their infrastructure facilities and to have devices of forced stopping of automobiles.

The aviation personnel, workers of aviation enterprises and other persons executing their activities in the territory of the airport are obliged to comply with the requirements of the instruction on access and intrafacility regime.

Aircraft crew members are admitted to the airport movement area, the territory adjacent to it and the nearby buildings or part of them the access to which is controlled (hereinafter “controlled area of the airport”) for accomplishment of their flying mission or other service duties under aircraft crew member cards following the procedure established by the airport authority, after the preflight check.

The aviation personnel, workers of aviation enterprises and other persons executing their activities in the territory of the airport, personnel of border, customs and other agencies of state control, as well as vehicles and mechanical aids shall, before access to the controlled area of the airport, be checked at a checkpoint using technical checking devices.

The aviation personnel, workers of aviation enterprises and other persons executing their activities in the territory of the airport, personnel of border, customs and other agencies of state control, as well as automobiles are admitted to the controlled area of the airport under passes in the form established in the given airport and in accordance with the requirements of the instruction on access and intrafacility regime. The above persons shall, during their stay in the controlled area of the airport, have personal passes with photographs and marked access sectors bearing them on their overclothes on the left-hand side.

Persons from outside organizations, and visitors are admitted to the controlled area of the airport following the procedure established in the instruction approved by an official authorized by the airport authority under one-occasion or temporary passes in which the access sector(s) is/are specified.

In the controlled area of the airport, it is not allowed:

a) to operate automobiles and mechanisms that are not duly registered, as well as private vehicles;

b) to use cinecameras, photographic and video equipment without the airport authority’s permission;

v) for aviation personnel, workers of aviation enterprises and other persons executing their activities in the territory of the airport to stay after the working hours without the administration’s permission;

g) to smoke and make up fire in places other than prescribed for that;

d) to encumber the territory with building and other materials, with objects impeding traffic;

e) to use the airdrome territory for purposes other than authorized.

17. Airport checkpoints are equipped with means of communication, lighting, turnstiles, metal gates with automated opening and closing systems actuated with:

remote controls, video surveillance and recording system, alarm apparatus.

stationary technical devices for checking physical persons, and with observation sites.

special devices for checking vehicles and freight and for forced stopping.

VI. Organization and Ensuring of Preflight Checking of Aircraft

45. Aircraft are subject to obligatory preflight checks to detect unauthorized persons as well as explosive substances, explosive devices, weapons, ammunition and other dangerous substances and objects that may be used for committing acts of unlawful interference in the activity of civil aviation.

46. Aircraft preflight checks are carried out by specially trained Aviation Security Service personnel.

47. During preparation for the next flight or a stop at an intermediate airport in transit, the aircraft is subject to obligatory checking upon disembarkation of passengers or before emplanement of passengers, freight and baggage.

48. The preflight check of an aircraft is performed only after all auxiliary services workers (in-flight catering and merchandise suppliers, cabin cleaners, etc.) providing preflight handling have left the aircraft.

49. Preflight checking of aircraft is carried out with involvement of engineering-technical personnel and flight crew members.

50. Preflight checks before an international flight are carried out with participation of representatives of border and customs control agencies.

51. After the check, the aircraft shall remain under constant guard of Aviation Security Service personnel until closure of all the doors and removal of the steps/airbridge.

Federal Law

“On Counteraction against Terrorism”

Adopted by the State Duma on 26 February 2006. Approved by the Council of Federation on 1 March 2006.

This Federal Law establishes the basic principles of counteraction against terrorism, the legal and organizational bases for prevention of and struggle against terrorism, of minimization and/or elimination of consequences of manifestations of terrorism, as well as the legal and organizational bases for use of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in the struggle against terrorism.

Article 2. Basic Principles of Counteraction against Terrorism

Counteraction against terrorism in the Russian Federation shall be based on the following basic principles:

  • ensuring and protecting the basic rights and freedoms of the person and the citizen;
  • legality;
  • priority of protecting the rights and legal interests of persons exposed to terrorist danger;
  • inevitability of punishment for terrorist activity;
  • systemacity and conjunctive use of political, information and propaganda, social-economic, legal, special and other measures of counteracting terrorism;
  • collaboration of the state with public and religious associations, international and other organizations, citizens in counteracting terrorism;
  • priority of terrorism-preventing measures;
  • sole command of involved forces and means in conducting counterterrorism operations;
  • combining open and undercover methods of counteracting terrorism;
  • confidentiality of information about special means, techniques, tactics of terrorism-combatting measures, and of their participants;
  • inadmissibility of political concessions to terrorists;
  • minimization and/or elimination of consequences of manifestations of terrorism;
  • proportionality of terrorism-counteracting measures with the level of the terrorist danger.

Article 7. Suppression of Terrorist Acts in Air

1. The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation shall use weapons and combat equipment as provided for in normative legal acts of the Russian Federation to remove a threat of a terrorist act in air or to suppress such terrorist act.

2. If an aircraft does not respond to radio commands from ground control stations to discontinue violation of the Russian Federation airspace use rules or radio commands and visual signals of airborne vehicles of the Russian Federation’s Armed Forces launched to intercept it, or if it refuses to obey radio commands and visual signals without giving reasons, then the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation shall use weapons and combat equipment to terminate the flight of such aircraft by forcing it to land.

If an aircraft does not obey commands to land and there is a real danger of loss of life or environmental disaster, then weapons and combat equipment shall be used to terminate the flight of such aircraft by destructing it.

3. If reliable information exists about possible use of an aircraft for a terrorist act or about capture of an aircraft, and all measures to have it land conditioned by the given circumstances have been exhausted, and there is a real danger of loss of life or environmental disaster, then the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation shall use weapons and combat equipment to terminate the flight of such aircraft by destructing it.

Criminal Code of the Russian Federation

Adopted by the State Duma on 24 May 1996. Approved by the Council of Federation on 5 June 1996.

Article 205. Terrorist Act (in the wording of Federal Law of 2006-07-27 No. 153-FZ)

1. The perpetration of an explosion, arson, or any other action intimidating the public and endangering the lives of people, causing sizable property damage, or entailing other grave consequences, if these actions have been committed for the purpose of exerting influence on decision-making by governmental bodies or international organizations, and also the threat of committing said actions for the same ends, - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of eight to twelve years.

(the first part in the wording of Federal Law of 2006-07-27 No. 153-FZ)

2. The same acts committed:

a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;

b) repealed. Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162 FZ;

v) with the use of firearms - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of ten to twenty years.

(in the wording of Federal Law of 2004-07-21 No. 74 FZ)

3. Acts stipulated in the first or second part of this Article, if they have been committed by an organized group or have involved by negligence the death of a person, or any other grave consequences, and also are associated with infringement on objects of the use of atomic energy or with the use of nuclear materials, radioactive substances or sources of radioactive radiation, or poisonous, intoxicant, toxic, dangerous chemical or biological substances - (in the wording of Federal Laws of 1995-02-05 No. 26 FZ, of 2006-07-27 No. 153-FZ) shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of fifteen to twenty years or for life.

(in the wording of Federal Law of 2004-07-21 No. 74-FZ)

Note. A person who has taken part in the preparation of an act of terrorism shall be released from criminal responsibility if he/she facilitated the prevention of the act of terrorism by timely warning governmental bodies, or by any other method, unless the actions of this person contain a different corpus delicti.

Article 206. Hostage-Taking

1. The capture or detention of a person as hostage committed to compel the state, an organization, or an individual to perform, or to abstain from taking, an action as a condition for the release of the hostage, - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of five to ten years.

2. The same acts committed:

a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;

b) repealed. Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162-FZ;

v) with the use of violence posing a danger to human life or health;

g) with the use of weapons or objects used as weapons;

d) against an obvious minor;

e) against a woman in the state of pregnancy obvious to the guilty person;

zh) against two or more persons;

z) out of mercenary motives or by hire, - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of six to fifteen years.

3. Acts provided for by the first or second part of this Article, if they have been committed by an organized group or have involved by negligence the death of a person, or any other grave consequences, - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of eight to twenty years.

Note: A person who released a hostage voluntarily or on the demand of the authorities shall be relieved from criminal responsibility, unless his/her actions contain a different corpus delicti.

Article 211. Hijacking of an Aircraft, a Sea-going Ship, or a Railway Train

1. Hijacking of an aircraft, a sea-going ship, a railway train, and likewise seizure of such an aircraft, ship or train in order to hijack it, - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of four to eight years.

2. The same acts committed:

a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;

b) repealed. Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 102-FZ;

v) with the use of violence threatening human life or health or with the threat of such violence;

g) with the use of weapons or objects to be used as weapons, - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of seven to twelve years.

3. Acts stipulated in the first or second part of this Article, if they have been committed by an organized group or have involved by negligence the death of a person, or any other grave consequences, - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of eight to fifteen years.

Article 213. Hooliganism (in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-00 No. 162 03)

1. Hooliganism, that is, a gross violation of the public order which expresses patent contempt for society, attended

a) with the use of weapons or objects used as weapons;

b) for motives of political, ideological, race, national or religious hatred or enmity, or for motives of hatred or enmity toward a social group, - shall be punishable by compulsory works for a term of one hundred and eighty to two hundred and forty hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one to two years, or by deprivation of freedom for a term of up to five years. (the first part in the wording of Federal Law of 2007-07-24 No. 211 FZ) (see the previous wording)

2. The same act, if it is committed by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or an organized group, or connected with resistance to a representative of authority or to any other person who fulfills the duty of protecting the public order or who suppresses violation of the public order, - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of up to seven years.

Article 214. Vandalism

1. Vandalism, that is, the defacement of buildings and other structures, the infliction of damage to property in public transport or in other public places, - shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to forty thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to three months, or by compulsory works for a term of one hundred and twenty to one hundred and eighty hours, or by corrective labour for a term of six to twelve months, or by arrest for a term of up to three months.

(in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162 FZ)

2. The same acts committed by a group of persons, or for motives of political, ideological, race, national or religious hatred or enmity, or for motives of hatred or enmity toward a social group, (in the wording of Federal Law of 2007-07-24 No. 211 FZ) (see the previous wording)shall be punishable by restriction of freedom for a term of up to three years, or deprivation of freedom for a term of up to three years.
(the second part introduced by Federal Law of 2007-05-10 No. 70 FZ)

Article 218. Violation of the Rules for Record-keeping, Storage, Carriage, and Use of Explosive Materials, Easily-Flammable Substances, and Pyrotechnical Articles

Violation of the rules for record-keeping, storage, carriage and use of explosive materials, easily-flammable substances, and pyrotechnical articles, and also illegal transportation of these substances and materials by post or as baggage, if these acts have involved, by negligence, grave harm to health or death of a person, (in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162 FZ) shall be punishable by restriction of freedom for a term of up to five years, or deprivation of freedom for a term of up to five years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
(in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 12 FZ)

Article 222. Illegal Acquisition, Transfer, Sale, Storage, Transportation, or Bearing of Weapons, Their Basic Parts, Ammunition, Explosive Substances and Explosive Devices

(in the wording of Federal Law of 1999-06-25 No. 92-FZ)
1. Illegal acquisition, transfer, sale, storage, transportation, or bearing of firearms, their basic parts, ammunition (excluding civilian smooth-bore arms, their basic parts and ammunition thereto), explosive substances or explosive devices (in the wording of Federal Law of 2004-07-21 No. 73-FZ)

shall be punishable by restriction of freedom for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by deprivation of freedom for a term of up to four years, with a fine in the amount of up to eighty thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to three months, or without such fine.

(the first part in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162-FZ)

2. The same acts committed by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, (in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162-FZ) shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of two to six years.

3. Acts stipulated by the first or second part of this Article, and committed by an organized group, - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of five to eight years.

(in the wording of Federal Law of 1991-06-25 No. 92-FZ)

4. Illegal sale of gas weapons, cold weapons, including missile weapons, - (in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162 FZ)

shall be punishable by compulsory works for a term of one hundred and eighty to two hundred and forty hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one year to two years, or by arrest for a term of three to six months, or by deprivation of freedom for a term of up to two years, with a fine in the amount of up to eighty thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to six months, or without such fine.

(in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162-FZ)

Note. A person who has voluntarily handed in the objects referred to in this Article shall be relieved from criminal responsibility, unless his/her actions contain another corpus delicti. Handing in of objects referred to in this Article and in Article 223 of this Code shall not be deemed voluntary if they were seized during detention of the person or during performance of investigative actions to detect and seize them.

(in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-18 No. 162-FZ)

Article 228. Illegal Acquisition, Storage, Transportation, Making, Processing of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances or Their Analogues

(in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162-FZ)

1. Illegal acquisition, storage, transportation, making, processing of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or their analogues on a large scale without the purpose of sale, - shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to forty thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to three months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of freedom for a term of up to three years.

2. The same acts committed on an especially large scale, shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of three to ten years, with a fine in the amount of up to five hundred thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to three years, or without such fine.

2.1 Large and especially large scales of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for the purposes of this Article and Articles 228.1 and 229 of this Code shall be approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.

(Item 2 in the wording of Federal Law of 2006-01-05 No. 11-FZ)

3. Large and especially large scales of analogues of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances shall correspond to large and especially large scales of the narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances the analogue of which they are.

(introduced by Federal Law of 2006-01-05 No. 11 FZ)

Article 228.1. Illegal Production, Sale or Sending of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances or Their Analogues

(introduced by Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162 FZ)

1. Illegal production, sale or sending of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or their analogues shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of four to eight years.

2. The same acts committed:

a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;

b) on a large scale;

v) by a person who has attained the age of eighteen years in respect of an obvious minor, - shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of five to twelve years, with a fine in the amount of up to five hundred thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to three years, or without such fine.

3. Acts stipulated by the first or second part of this Article, and committed:

a) by an organized group;

b) a person using his/her official position;

v) in respect of a person obviously under the age of fourteen years;

g) on an especially large scale, shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of eight to twenty years, with a fine in the amount of up to one million rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to five years, or without such fine.

Article 228.2. Contravention of Rules of Traffic of Narcotic Drugs or Psychotropic Substances

(introduced by Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162 FZ)

1. Contravention of rules of production, making, processing, storage, record-keeping, issue, realization, sale, distribution, transportation, sending, acquisition, use, importation, exportation or destruction of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances as well as substances, tools or equipment used to make narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances being under special control, and also cultivation of plants used for the production of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances entailing their loss if this act is committed by a person whose duties include observance of these rules, - shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to one hundred and twenty thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one year, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

2. The same act committed out of mercenary motives or have involved, by negligence, harm to health of a person, or any other grave consequences, - shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of one hundred thousand to three hundred thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one year to two years, or by deprivation of freedom for a term of up to three years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years.

Article 234. Illegal Traffic in Potent or Poisonous Substances for the Purpose of Sale

1. Illegal making, processing, acquisition, storage, transportation, or sending for the purpose of sale, and likewise illegal marketing of potent or poisonous substances that are not narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, or of equipment for making or processing them - shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to forty thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to three months, or by compulsory works for a term of up to one hundred and eighty hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by deprivation of freedom for a term of up to three years.

(in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-DB No. 162 FZ)

2. The same acts committed by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, - (in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162-FZ)

shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to eighty thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to six months, or by compulsory works for a term of one hundred and twenty to two hundred and forty hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one year to two years, or by deprivation of freedom for a term of up to five years.

(in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162 FZ)

3. Acts provided for by the first or second part of this Article, and committed by an organized group or in respect of potent substances on a large scale, shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to one hundred twenty thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one year, or by deprivation of freedom for a term of four to eight years.

(in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-00 No. 102 FZ)

4. Contravention of the rules for the production, acquisition, storage, record-keeping, issue, transportation, or sending of potent or poisonous substances, if this has entailed through negligence their theft or infliction of any other substantial harm, (in the wording of Federal Law of 1000-06-25 No. 82 FZ)

shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to two hundred thousand rubles, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to eighteen months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by restriction of freedom for a term of up to two years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

(in the wording of Federal Law of 2003-12-08 No. 162 FZ)

Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation

Adopted by the State Duma on 20 December 2001

Approved by the Council of Federation on 26 December 2001